In recent years, the term ‘sustainable’ has become overused, perhaps even misused. Its replacement with the term ‘environmentally conscious’ enriches the concept with a context of ethics, meaningfulness of processes and overall thoughtfulness.

Environmentally conscious design is the kind of design that addresses ethical issues and the origin of material resources, and is aware of the implications of its decisions. Materials are chosen responsibly and work is done with respect for people and nature.

The following articles consist of a basic overview of materials and their alternatives.

From the walls of the houses we live in, through the chairs we sit on, to the clothes we wear to keep us warm, we are surrounded and protected by materials. The choice and nature of such materials can affect not only human physical and mental well-being, but also the degree of environmental impact.

The material can be understood in different ways. In general, it is something visible, physical, i.e. material. The term material can indicate pure substances or their alloys (bronze) and combinations as well as organised combinations of elements (wood).

In the context of product design, we can generally distinguish several basic groups of materials: metals, ceramics, plastics, growing and composite materials. This basic division is complete with the examples of alternatives that respond to current environmental challenges in texts (0.1)-(0.5).

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The project was renewed with the support of the Specific Research FaVu BUT and is one of the outputs of Valentýna Landa Filípková's dissertation.

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